The IUI procedure is very similar to a pap smear from the patient’s perspective. The patient undresses from the waist down and the nurse will use a speculum to visualize the cervix. The nurse will use a soft catheter to enter the uterus through the cervical opening and deposit the sperm specimen into the top of the uterus. The patient may rest for 15 minutes afterwards and then she is done. She can resume normal life immediately.